Ner a car


The Ner-a-Car was a type of feet forwards motorcycle designed by Carl Neracher in 1918. Around 6500 Ner-a-Cars are believed to have been produced between 1921 and 1927 in England, and about 10,000 Neracars (note different spelling) in the US. They were manufactured in England by the Sheffield-Simplex company and the Ner-a-Car Corporation in the United States.

The design had several unusual features, including an infinitely-variable friction drive transmission, and a low-slung monocoque chassis that was closer to those found on contemporary cars than other motorcycles. It also featured the first production example of hub-center steering on a motorcycle.

The earliest models had 221cc two-stroke engines. Starting in 1923 a 285cc engined model was introduced in England. In the US a 255cc model was introduced in 1924. In 1924 a Blackburne sidevalve 348cc engine driving through a three-speed manual transmission was introduced in England. The final English model was introduced in 1925 which differed from the 1924 model by using overhead valves.

Around 50 Ner-a-Cars are known to survive in England in 2001.



Martin Heukeshoven: Rust lover


Among the exhibitors at the 2010 Retromobile Paris, I was struck by the work of the artist Martin Otto Heukeshoven Lambert, born in 1962 Uetersen, he lives since 1969 in southern Germany.
After receiving training in lithography and reproduction, he worked in graphic arts and illustration and computer graphics and finally antiques and objects restoration

In 1995 building of the first corroded vehicle , inspired by travel and a taste for the Vintage things are the main elements of his inspiration.
The sculptures of Martin are alive and mystics like these old cars found in scrapyards.
The realism is striking.



Peugeot 500M "Henry" 1914

2010 celebrates 200 years of the Peugeot brand founded in 1810 by brothers Jean-Pierre and Jean-Frederic Peugeot in Montbéliard.
In 1890 Armand launches the first petroleum engined quadricycle and founded the "Automobile Peugeot frères "company.
From 1902 Norton Motorcycles used Peugeot engines for their models and in 1907 Norton won the TT with V Twin engine.

This year, Retromobile in Paris offered a retrospective of cars and motorcycles, including some very rare models, even as the single model (replica) we'll show you.

This model a 500M "Henry", designed by engineer Ernest Henry is the best racing engine ever built before 1914: the 500cc twin-cylinders double overhead camshaft and eight valves timing by gears train, while highly modern technically the secondary transmission was still by belt and single-speed without clutch.

The official driver Paul Pean beat the lauched record of km and mile at 122.449 kilometers per hour. After the first war they will still be used with a 3 speed gearbox and a secondary chain and won more race victories.

This is a reconstruction who began 11 years ago carried out according to faithful plans in every detail.

Thanks To Bernard Salvat and "le Club du Motocyclettiste"for their warm welcome.


Cherokee Chief


The SJ series Jeep Cherokee was a full-size SUV produced from 1974 through 1983 by the Jeep division of the American Motors Corporation (AMC). It was similar to the Wagoneer that was originally designed by Brooks Stevens in 1963.
The Cherokee was a redesigned reintroduction of a two door body style, with a single fixed rear side window with an optional flip-out section. Previously, a two door version had been available in the Jeep Wagoneer line (1963–67), although this had the same pillar and window configuration as the four-door Wagoneer.

Based on the Wagoneer, the Cherokee was marketed as the "sporty" two-door variant of Jeep's station wagon. A four-door was not added to the lineup until 1977. Other than the base model, the trim levels of the Cherokee included the S (Sport), Chief, Golden Eagle, Limited, Classic, Sport, Pioneer, and Laredo.
Engine choices consisted of AMC I6 or V8 powerplants. When it was equipped with the powerful 401 cu in (6.6 L) AMC V8 engine, it would out-run just about any other 4x4 in its class, and, with 3.07:1 highway gearing, could reach speeds in excess of 100-mile-per-hour (161 km/h) (early models had 120 mph speedometers). A range of AMC engines were offered: the 258 cu in (4.2 L) inline six-cylinder, a 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8 with two-barrel carburetor, a four-barrel 360, or the 401 cu in (6.6 L) V8. The durable 401 had a forged crankshaft and forged connecting rods, as well as the high nickel content block of the other AMC V8s. The 401 was discontinued at the end of 1978.

A T-18/T-18a four speed manual gearbox was standard for all years, while through 1979 the General Motors' Turbo-Hydramatic TH400, more commonly fitted to 3/4- and 1-ton trucks rather than SUVs, was optional. For comparison, the Chevy Blazer used the TH350 automatic. After 1979, the TH400 was replaced by the Chrysler's TorqueFlite 727.

A gear-driven Dana 20 transfer case with 2.03:1 low range was standard with the manual gearbox (which had a much lower first gear of about 6.3:1), while the TH400 automatics received the permanent four-wheel drive QuadraTrac system. The chain-driven, aluminum QuadraTrac was quite advanced at the time. It included a vacuum operated center differential lock. The transfer case was offset, allowing it to sit just above the frame to avoid obstacles, and the chain itself is larger than nearly any other. A test by the Four-Wheel Drive Book found that the Cherokee was the only vehicle unable to be dynoed because the transfer case would not allow the rear wheels to spin, unlike the other full-time four-wheel drive vehicles being tested. In the off-road test, the same held true. This transfer case was also employed successfully in Baja races, for example by Roger Mears in the Baja 1000. A 2.57:1 low range was optional on QuadraTrac.

In 1975, the Cherokee Chief package was introduced. Aside from trim changes, this model received larger fenders and wider axles, allowing larger tires to be fitted to further improve off-road ability. Four-door models were not available with "wide-track" axles.
Dana 44 model axles were used both in the front and the rear at least through 1979. Brake hardware was mostly General Motors equipment, with disc brakes up front (optional on earlier models) and drum brakes in the rear.
All Cherokees had semi-elliptical leaf springs in the front and rear.
The Cherokee was marketed in left and right hand drive countries (such as the UK and Australia). Main production of the Cherokee was inToledo, Ohio.

Cherokees were briefly assembled in Brisbane, Australia from 1981, although their heavy fuel consumption and high cost in comparison with Japanese four-wheel drive vehicles made them uncompetitive in that market. The Australian arm of Jeep was denied permission to assemble the upcoming compact XJ model under the Button car plan, and all Cherokee assembly was discontinued in Australia by 1986, two years after the model name had been supplanted in the U.S. by the XJ.
The Jeep Cherokee was the first vehicle to earn Four Wheeler Magazine's "Achievement Award", which later became the "Four Wheeler of the Year" award.



The Wall

Photo YJH

Guitare Garage is a guitar workshop located in the heart of Pigalle in Paris, the essential neighbourhood for musicians. The workshop is one of the
only places in Paris that repairs electric guitars. With over 15 years of experience in the workshop and on stage, Johann & the Guitare Garage team
guarantee unbeatable service and top-noch work. It is also a meeting point for celebrities from the film, fashion, art, advertising and, of course, music
worlds who share a passion for Rock (and motorcycles).


Prudential Army-Navy Booklet


The infantry is, in a sense, the army. Other arms of the service, the cavalry, artillery, etc... are auxiliary. They are for the purpose of enabling the infantry to win battles.
There are about 26.000 men in an army division. Of this total the infantry numbers about 19.000, the cavalry, artillery, engineers, sanitary train, signal corps, being about 7.000. On the march the division extends along fifteen miles of road and moves at the rate of two to two and a half miles an hour. At the end of every fifty minutes the division halts and the men are allowed ten minutes rest, with an hour for lunch.
A division is the smallest tactucal unit. In the words of General Wood, it is the smallest unit that can be called an army.
Our army is not organized into tactical divisions, however, having been distributed widely among our forty-nine mobile army posts.

The cavalryman or trooper because of the open formation of most cavalry movements, must have plenty of dash and individual resourcefulness. He must, of course, be a horseman of more than ordinary skill. He must be able to vault into the saddle from the ground, and must know how to care for his horse as well.
The arms of the cavalryman are the saber, rifle, and automatic pistol. He is required at times to dismount and fight on foot, a phase of service in which the cavalry of this country execls.
The division on the march is preceded by a regiment of cavalry, which reconnoitres, and screens the movements of the division by preventing the enemy from reconnoitring.

The engineer often receives a part of his training in civil life. He must, however, also have specialized knowledge for army service.
He solves problems of camp location and drainage; constructs cover for the men in the trenches; erects field fortifications; creates obstructions for the enemy and clears them away for his own division; builds railroads, bridges and repairs roads, does all pioneering work, and, in short, actually performs and superintends all construction plans of the army.
Army engineers built the Panama Canal.

The aviation corps, listed as aeroplane service, has supplanted the cavalry of the old days, as the eyes and ears of the army.
Its importance in this service has been recently demonstrated, and so greatly has this importance been valued that all nations have contracted for thousands upon thousands of these birds of the air.
Signalling, of course, is done from aeroplanes, but greater duties of the aero squadron are scouting and directing artillery fire.
The aviation corps is part of the regular army signal corps.

In a 27.000 ton battleship is a crew of some 1.100 men. In battle, some 400 or more men are engaged in serving the main battery guns; possibly twenty actually see the result of the fire. In the engine rooms are nearly 300 more men upon whose efficiency depends in no less degree the success of the battle.
The Marines are in effect sea-going infantry. They are called into action when a seaport must be quickly seized, or a legation in a foreign country protected. A battleship carries two officers and about seventy men of the Marine Corps.
These are in the Navy, in peace times, Sailors, Marines, and Officers.
In our Naval Militia are enlisted men and officers.



The watchman's Paradise


No time to initiate conversation Alain Chaldu, aka the "guardian of the Côte des Basques", has the look magnetized by a large black four wheel drive registered in the Paris region. "It is forbidden to travel by car on the ride," meaning he politely offenders. "The barrier to block access to vehicles has not let down after the passage of the truck cleaning," grumbles it afterwards.

The fifty emerging Alain Chaldu, also known as "The Blond" in memory of hir long hair blond straw beginner surfer, not married in civilian life. And never has been. Since almost half a century, man has a close relationship with "the most beautiful view of Biarritz": "I am married with Côte des Basques. I'm in love. "

Since the rehabilitation of the bathing establishment, and its opening last July, Alain Chaldu officially received the title of manager of the building. In hiring him, the mayor of Biarritz could not seek fairer. "Volunteers, I have always done (sic) the guardian of the Côte des Basques," he smiles. He then harangued two young children, boards under their arms, leaving the water: "Was it good? "Yes", replied the two apprentices surfers, proud as Punch that we can look that way to their session.



Andrew's Norton


A couple of days ago, i ask Andrew from Australia, to tell us a little bit more about is V.R Norton.

The bike is the(very first )Vintage Rebuild bike. It was featured on the cover of Cycle World in September of 1999. I don't know how familiar you are with the Kenny Dreer story but he was the guy who made a go out of starting up production of the 'new' Commando.
I purchased this bike from the USA and imported it to the Australia 18 months ago.
So this is a pretty unique bike. . Its definitely an extremely rare machine and has a great history .

I myself have been a passionate Norton man for many years,Committee man on the Norton Owners Club in South Australia.

Andrew Brown

Personally i found that those very first Kenny Dreer's motorcycle were fabulous and i know time has been hard for him but seriously why do those guys in England have gone so far away from the original Kenny's project ... Its a mistery.



Macintosh Raincoats


Raincoats are jackets made of fabric that is specially treated to repel water. In 1836, Charles Macintosh invented a method for combining rubber with fabric, which was used in the first modern raincoats. Because of his inventions, all raincoats are called Mackintoshes or Macs by those in Great Britain. Most modern day raincoats are inspired in one way or another by Macintosh's brainchild.
Today there are many kinds of raincoats made of all types of fabric. An all-weather raincoat has a removable lining so it can be worn in any weather. Fold ups are foldable and usually made of vinyl. Vinyl raincoats are made of vinyl or of fabric that has a vinyl finish. Trenchcoats are worn by both men and women, and are often made of lightweight cotton/polyester fabric.

What is important to raincoat manufacture is efficient waterproofing. There are two important qualities: absorption (how much water can be soaked by the fabric) and penetration (the amount of water that can sink into the fabric). Raincoat fabrics are either absorbent or repellent. The best raincoats are made of tightly woven fabric.
People have been trying to make items of clothing waterproof for hundreds of years. As early as the thirteenth century, Amazonian Indians used a milky substance (rubber) extracted from rubber trees for this purpose. When European explorers came to the Americas in the sixteenth century, they observed the indigenous people using a crude procedure and rubber to waterproof items like footwear and capes.

By the eighteenth century, Europeans were experimenting with waterproofing fabric for clothing. François Fresneau devised an early idea for waterproofing fabric in 1748. Scotland's John Syme made further waterproofing advances in 1815. In 1821, the first raincoat was manufactured. Made by G. Fox of London, it was called the Fox's Aquatic. The raincoat was made of Gambroon, a twill-type fabric with mohair.
While these early attempts at waterproofing fabrics sometimes involved rubber, they were not particularly successful. When rubber was used in clothing, the articles involved were not easy to wear. If the weather was hot, the clothing became supple and tacky; if cold, the clothing was hard and inflexible. This problem was solved in the early nineteenth century by Macintosh.

The native of Scotland was a chemist and chemical manufacturer. Through experiments, Macintosh discovered a better way to use rubber in clothing. At the time, the gas industry was new. Coal-tar naphtha was one byproduct of the fractional distillation of petroleum, which was used in gasworks. This volatile oily liquid was a hydrocarbon mixture. Macintosh dissolved rubber in naphtha, making a liquid. This liquid was brushed on fabric making it waterproof.
In 1823, Macintosh patented his process for making waterproof fabric. This process involved sandwiching a layer of molded rubber between two layers of fabric treated with the rubber-naphtha liquid. It took some time to develop the industrial process for spreading the rubber-naphtha mixture on the cloth. The patented waterproof fabric was produced in factories beginning in 1824. The first customer was the British military. Macintosh's findings led to other innovative uses of rubber, including tires.

The process for vulcanizing rubber was developed by Charles Goodyear, a hardware merchant in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1839. Vulcanization means to heat rubber with sulfur, which made rubber more elastic and easier to meld. Four years later, Thomas Hancock took the waterproof fabric invented by Charles Macintosh and made it better using vulcanized rubber.
Americans continued to improve on Macintosh's process with the advent of the calendering process in 1849. Macintosh's cloth was passed between heated rollers to make it more pliable and waterproof. Another innovation involved the combination of only one layer of cloth with a layer of rubber. While such improvements made the cloth lighter than Macintosh's original, these raincoats were still rather hot even into the early twentieth century. Many raincoats were designed with slits to make them cooler for their wearer.

Macintosh's fabric was not the only kind of waterproof fabric invented in the nineteenth century. In 1851, Bax & Company introduced Aquascutum. This was a woolen fabric that was chemically treated to shed water. This raincoat became popular at the end of the Crimean War (c. 1856).
Chemicially treated fabrics gradually began to predominate by the early twentieth century. For World War I, Thomas Burberry created the all-weather trench coat. The coat was made of a yarn-dyed fine twill cotton gabardine. The gabardine was chemically processed to repel rain. Though these trench coats were first made for soldiers, after the war ended in 1918, they spread in popularity. They were also much cooler than those made of Macintosh's fabric.

By 1920, raincoat design moved beyond the trenchcoat, though that coat remained a classic. Oil-treated fabrics, usually cotton and silk, became popular in the 1920s. Oil-skin was made by brushing linseed oil on fabric, which made it shed water. Car coats were introduced in the 1930s. These raincoats were shorter than trenchcoats and made for riding in automobiles. Rubber-covered and-backed raincoats, made of all kinds of fabrics, resurged in popularity between the wars as well.
After 1940, raincoats made of lightweight fabric became more popular. Military research led to the creation of raincoat fabrics that could be dry-cleaned. Vinyl was a preferred fabric in the 1950s for its impressive waterproofness, as was plastic (through the 1970s), though such raincoats retained heat. Innovations in fabrics continued to affect raincoats. Wool blends and synthetic blends were regularly used to make raincoats beginning in the 1950s. Such blends could be machine washed. There were also improved chemical treatments of cloth. Heat-welded seams were introduced as well, increasing how waterproof the fabric was.

In the 1960s, nylon was used to make raincoats, and in the 1970s, double-knit became a preferred fabric. Double-knit raincoats were not as water repellent as those made with other fabrics, but were designed differently to compensate. Still such raincoats were not as comfortable, and double-knit faded throughout the decade. Vinyl raincoats briefly had a renewed popularity, especially among women.
Modern day raincoats come in many fabrics, styles and colors. The gabardine trenchcoat remains a favorite. While natural and artificial blends, rubber and plastic are still used, plastic-coated artificial fibers used for Gore-Tex are very popular. Microfibers and other high-tech fabrics are taking over more of the raincoat material market.



Saint Motorbikes and the Black Lightning

Jeff build bobbers in Maryland after work. he's working by day in a Bodyshop and evening rushes to his workshop for relaxing.

Life for this bike began as a 1970 BSA Lightning. I had heard about this bike for months, it belonged to a friend of a friend. He had it for 25 years or so. At one point, he had the engine rebuilt & balanced top notch, then rode it a 1000 miles & parked it in the basement for 20 years, always giving it a kick as he walked by it....The perfect donor bike.

Here's the Lightning in its 70's glory as I found it, and a couple days later with front & top tubes & tail cut out, and mocking up new frame a bit.

The neck was set at 45 degrees, the top tube brought down a bit snugger to the motor. The tanks life started as a 2.2 mustang style tank. The tunnel was removed & deeped & angled & a rib was added match the ribbed rear fender. The seat , bungs & rear frame section were made up.

After it was mocked up in metal I got a few shots. Still with the small tires......needed bigger tires.........

Then it was time to come apart for paint & powder coating. The gentleman I was building this bike for wanted Black, & a lot of it. Black is my favorite color, so no worries there. He did repeatedly ask if I would paint flames on the tank, which I dont think this bike really wanted. We finally agreed that I would them in such a way, that they only appeared in direct sun, or close up :-) The pictures below show the tank with no flash used, & then the tank with a flash used.

Its magic. Thank you. Paint started with Big silver flake, then Black Cherry Kandy, then taped flames, went in rear of tank behind flames with black, untaped, then is first coats of clear a few drops of black over entire tank. It looks amazingly Black in most lights, but direct sun, or a flash & the flake & Kandy jump out. Rear fender got the same treatment down the center. Then assembly started. Rims, Engine side covers, & others parts got Powder coat.

The bike got a Sparx 3 phase alternator, New style Boyer Digital Ignition, Coils, Podtronics Regulator, & all new wiring. One switch for ON, one for Headlamp & a high beam switch.....simple.

Son of Dracula "Pinstripe Chris"

It went together fairly well. The hardware that wasnt replace got wire wheeled. I used an old moped headlight to house a Tach so it was not really visible from the side. Firestone ANS tires in meaty sizes set the bike right. The exhaust was made in 1.75" using .120 wall tube, very thick & gave it a very unique sound for a brit bike. All in all the bike came out very sharp & the new owner was happy. Since that time it has left the East Coast & is in Santa Barbara California. A guy there had told his girlfriend & Buddy that he saw it for sale & wanted it sooo bad. They bought it with out his knowing & had it shipped out & sitting on his front walk Christmas Day, Nice Girlfriend.

Few other bikes done by Saint Motorbikes

Jeff playing with the Black Lighning